In this lesson, Yang Yang continues to talk about the Chinese grammar. She touches on here is using the word mei2, 没, to say you don’t have something or not have done something.
To have and not to have involve two Chinese characters.
To say to have something, you would often use the word ‘you3’ 有, which means having. So if you’re saying you have money, you would say ‘wo3 you3 qian2′.
To negate the verb ‘to have’, you may use the word mei2 没. So if you want to say you don’t have money, you would say ‘wo3 mei2 qian2′.
没, however, is often used together with有 to negate the verb ‘to have’. In other words, 没 actually can be replaced by 没有. You can say 没有 instead of 没.
没 has another important role to play in Chinese grammar. It is to say ‘no’ about something in the past. For example, if you are saying ‘ I did not take breakfast this morning’, you would say ‘wo3 mei2 chi1 zao3can1′.
In any case, mei2 没 is a very useful word in Chinese, and it is worth your effort to ensure that you known how it can be used.
Learn Chinese in 5 minutes – pick up a word or two in Mandarin everyday, and you are on your way to fluent Chinese.