In this lesson, Yangyang talks about how to use ‘there is’ and ‘there are’ in Mandarin. At the same time, she also talks about how the pronoun ‘it’ is used in the language.
If you want to speak Mandarin the proper way, you should understand how the order of things having spoken in the language.
In the context of ‘there is’ and ‘there are’, the order of things are uttered in a rather different manner than English. For example, when you are talking about an object being found at a location in English, you would say the object first, then the location. It is the other way round in Mandarin. Instead of saying ‘ there is a book on the table’, you would say ‘on the table there is a book’. Instead of saying ‘ there is snow on the roof’, you would say ‘on the roof there is snow’.
Another thing is about the pronoun ‘it’.
‘It’ is used very frequently in English. You would say ‘ it’s hot’, ‘ it’s great’, and a lot more.
Curiously, ‘it’ is almost absent in Chinese. In other words, Chinese has been surviving almost without ‘it’.
For example, when you say ‘it’s really hot’, Chinese would say ‘really hot’. When you say ‘ it’s hot today’, Chinese would say ‘today is hot’.
Note the difference in the two languages would help you to learn Mandarin more effectively.
Learn Chinese in 5 minutes – a small step at a time.