In this lesson, Yang Yang continues to talk about the negation words. Bie2 别 and bu2yao4 不要. Both words mean not to do something.
Using negation in Chinese can be more complicated than English.
Instead of adding ‘don’t’ at the front, you would have to use an appropriate Chinese word, which can be different depending on the context.
If you want to say no in Chinese, for example, you would use the word 不 if you’re talking about something present or in the future. You would use the word 没 when you are talking about not having done something in the past.
What if you want to say ‘ do not do something’?
Well, you would use either the word bie2 别, or bu2yao4 不要.
So if you are saying ‘ don’t come in’, you would say ‘bie2 jin4lai2′, or ‘bu2yao4 jin4lai2′. You cannot just say ‘bu4 jin4lai2′ – which means ‘don’t want to come in’.
This is a bit tricky, and deserves your attention if you want yourself to be properly misunderstood.
Learn Chinese in 5 minutes – a word or two in Chinese a day!